As I told you before we’ll continue to talk about some details and techniques in Aikido. I will remind you that this martial art is a combination of your physical and mental state, thus to make it all well, you should control both of them.
It’s very important not to forget about it. In Aikido, as in all Japanese martial arts, physical training is diverse and includes general fitness and specific techniques. Because of variety of throws, beginners learn how to safely roll or fall. There are also garbs and strikes.
The techniques for defense consist of throws and pins.. For Non-Japanese, there are several levels (belts), while for Japanese only black and white, on which practitioners learn techniques according to the program of their levels. On different levels there are also techniques with weapons. High level of performing – against several opponents.
There’s no good technique without relaxation. Thus, while performing, practitioner should be calm and follow the basics. It’s very important to do correct joints to your opponent, it helps you to control the situation.
In Aikido, extended movements and pushing are pretty common. You can easily control the space around you by performing big steps. That’s one of the featured details of Aikido.
There’s no specific muscle groups which are not working. The techniques try to improve all of them, developing harmony from the start. To do this, in every dojo the training starts from warm-up which includes breathing exercises, stretching and so-called ukemi (break falls). It helps to prevent the injures and prepare your body for workload.
All trainings mainly based on two partners practicing pre-arranged forms of techniques (kata) instead of some freestyle attacks or techniques. It helps to automate the moves and be prepared for most common attacks, so you won’t think “What technique should I use right now? Hm…”.
As there are only two sides, there are attacker (uke) and defender (nage). Nage is performing the technique, while uke hits or grabs his opponent, giving a chance to commence the exercise.
It may seems that nage technique is more important but it’s not right. They both study the principles of Aikido, proceeding through understanding of both ways of performing. Uke learns to control his attack while nage – to keep calm in disadvantageous situation.
There are also some of the ways where uke can perform kaeshi-waza techniques – reversed one which means he can do same technique on nage. While doing it, they can perform ukemi. It helps to get experience in how to save your body in such kind of situations.
I will continue with more Aikido details and aspects in following articles. Keep your eyes open! See you next time!